Applied Oral Physiology - download pdf or read online
By Christopher L. B. Lavelle
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Even supposing many texts exist providing an creation to synthetic intelligence (AI), this ebook is exclusive in that it locations an emphasis on wisdom illustration (KR) ideas. It comprises small-scale implementations in PROLOG to demonstrate the foremost KR paradigms and their advancements. ****back hide copy:**Knowledge illustration is on the center of the unreal intelligence company: someone writing a software which seeks to paintings through encoding and manipulating wisdom must be aware of the scheme wherein he'll characterize the data, and to pay attention to the results of the alternatives made.
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Arch. Oral Biol, 18, 941-951 7 . HENKIN, R . I . , TALAL, N . , LARSON, A. a n d MATTERN, C F . T . (1972) Abnormalities of taste and smell in Sjögren's syndrome. Ann. Int. , 76, 375-383 8. I. (1967) Symposium on Oral Sensation and Perception. C. Thomas 9. R. A. (1961) Number and distribution of taste buds on the epiglottis, pharynx, larynx, soft palate and uvula in a human newborn. Anat. Rec, 140, 91-95 10. BURKL, W. (1954) Über das Vorkommen von Geschmacksknopsen im mittleren Drittle des Osophagus.
J . , RAFF, M . S . , BRONZERT, 1. i. F. (1971) Steroids, Hormones and Brain Function. Los Angeles: University of California Press 2. OHRWALL, H. (1901) Die Modalitäts und Qualitätsbegriffe im der Sinnesphysiologie und deren Bedeutung. Arch. Physiol. , 11, 245-272 3. SKRAMLIK, E. (1926) Handbook der Physiologie der niederen Sinne. Bdl. Leipzig: Georg Thieme 4. s. E. (1971) Handbook of Physiology, Chemical Senses II. Berlin: Springer 5. I. (1972) Disorders of taste and smell. JAMA, 220, 870-871 6.
Pathology of the brain stem affecting swallowing frequently takes the form of bulbar palsy, poliomyelitis, trauma, vascular anomalies and brain stem tumours. g. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. A key finding associated with brain stem involvement is failure of the cricopharyngeal muscle to relax during swallowing, with accompanying pharyngeal retention, stasis and nasal régurgitation. Neurological causes of dysphagia are generally identified through such factors as the duration of the deglutition process, difficulties with liquids and solids, nasal régurgitation, and the presence or absence of heartburn.
Applied Oral Physiology by Christopher L. B. Lavelle