Agricultural Development Policy: Concepts and Experiences - download pdf or read online
By Roger D. Norton
Ready lower than the aegis of the meals and Agriculture association of the United international locations (FAO), this article provides a clean and finished examine agricultural improvement coverage. It presents a transparent, systematic assessment of significant periods of coverage matters in constructing nations and discusses the rising overseas consensus on plausible techniques to the problems.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Development Policy: Concepts and Experiences
Farmers can save seed for several generations without a major decline in yields. This makes it difﬁcult for seed companies to recover the full cost of improved seed from seed sales. . Without a subsidy the wider beneﬁts to society stemming from improved seeds would be lost. 14 Bardhan has underscored the role of government in stimulating agricultural development in the modern context, and has described issues in the decentralization of governmental functions: Even with all its limitations (of administrative capacity as well as vulnerability to wasteful rent-seeking processes) the State can play at least as a catalyst in the initial stages in pumppriming agricultural ﬁnance and underwriting risks (while being careful to avoid the associated moral hazard of encouraging dependency).
However, the attempt to develop a coordinated and internally consistent strategy, involving the participation of many of those actors, can elevate the level of the national debate over policy options and lead to improvements in policies. Participatory approaches to strategy formulation are reviewed in Chapter 9. A common procedure for implementing a strategy at the central government level is through the development of annual implementation plans. Such plans co-ordinate both the current account and investment budgets of the government, as well as the implementation activities of all of the agencies involved and the participating bodies of the private sector.
Conﬂict resolution also is accepted as an important role for government. A more controversial role, but still accepted in some circumstances, is the redistribution of economic assets among economic strata. In many cases, governments are best placed to promote and fund activities, while leaving their implementation and management in the hands of the private sector or NGOs. • Decision makers in developing agriculture are diverse and include many kinds of local organizations, businesses, NGOs and local governments and decentralized governmental agencies as well as central governments.
Agricultural Development Policy: Concepts and Experiences by Roger D. Norton